The lab is happy to announce a workshop at the Organization of Human Brain Mapping’s meeting in Honolulu, Hawaii, with some fantastic speakers, from the US, UK, France and Canada.
This will be a great meeting for fetal and infant neuroimaging more generally as there is also another symposium organized by Veronika Schöpf. The program excerpts from both are below.
THE EMERGENCE OF COGNITION
Monday 15 June, 8.00-9.00am
Organizer: Rhodri Cusack
Western University, London, Canada
There is growing evidence that many of the brain networks seen in adults have emerged by the typical age of birth. This includes not just sensory and motor networks, but those associated with higher-level cognition, such as the language, task-positive and task-negative networks. Establishing when these networks emerge, and their properties and initial functions, will enhance understanding of their roles throughout the lifespan. Furthermore, knowing the healthy trajectory of development is a prerequisite for early detection and characterization of the abnormalities that lead to developmental disabilities, which will in turn facilitate more effective earlier interventions.
This workshop brings together four methodologies that have recently yielded exciting advances. We report the structural emergence of networks using diffusion tractography and graph theory, revealing early network organisation already present in the preterm brain. With resting-state fMRI, we find these structural networks are active around the normal time of birth. The functions of two networks are then studied using auditory and visual stimulation with fMRI and EEG, showing that complex sound classification, and an elementary form of conscious-level processing, are operative in the first months. Taken together, these converging results reveal that a rich set of neurocognitive functions has emerged in young infants, which was largely inaccessible to investigation before infant neuroimaging.
Our aim is that attendees of the workshop will be able to summarize the emergence of cognition in young infants, the relevance of this to cognitive and clinical neuroscience, and the methodological advances that have made infant neuroimaging possible.
This morning workshop is designed to develop participants’ understanding of:
- Enhanced understanding the ontogenesis of cognitive functions in the human brain
- Enhanced understanding of the emergence of networks in the developing brain and their potential role in neurodevelopmental outcomes.
- Improved knowledge of techniques for testing cognitive functions using neuroimaging in non-verbal and non-compliant subjects
Our target audience comprises those interested in cognitive neuroscience, neurodevelopmental outcomes, or methods for neuroimaging acquisition and analysis in non-compliant populations.
Structural Connectivity and Network Development in the Preterm Brain
Gareth Ball, King’s College London, London, United Kingdom
Resting fMRI During Infancy: Exploring the Emerging Functional Organization of the Developing Brain
Christopher Smyser, Washington University, St Louis, MO, United States
he Emergence of Auditory-Language Function from Birth to Nine Months
Rhodri Cusack, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada
Hierarchical Processing in the Infant Brain
Ghislaine Dehaene-Lambertz, Neurospin, Gif/Yvette, France
UNDERSTANDING THE EMERGING COMPLEXITY OF THE DEVELOPING BRAIN
Wednesday 17 June, 14.45-16.00pm
Organizer: Veronika Schöpf
Institute of Psychology, Section Neuropsychology, University of Graz; Department of Biomedical Imaging and Image-guided Therapy, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Observing the fetal and infant brain offers unique insights into early development of cerebral structures. Furthermore, research progress in this area will pave the way for defining imaging biomarkers as reference points for disease progression or therapeutic success. Recently, we begin to be able to integrate functional and structural information from imaging modalities such as magnetic resonance imaging and magnetoencephalography data of fetuses and infants. In addition to image acquisition and multiple layers of physiological artifacts, we face a number of challenges specific to studying the developing brain such as rapid development over time and corresponding variability not only in space but also with regard to tissue properties and individual timing. Due to those reasons preprocessing strategies, computational models and paradigm designs cannot be transferred directly from adult studies. This symposium will explore methodologies that contribute to capturing and understanding the fetal and infant brain, the emerging connectome, pre-processing strategies and modeling approaches.
This symposium is designed to develop participants’ understanding of:
- State of the art structural and functional neuroimaging of the fetal and infant brain
- Understanding the approaches applicable to research questions that tackle fetal and infant brain development
- Expand the discussion on how knowledge of normal brain development can help to provide information on pathologies or malformations to offer therapeutic options at the earliest point possible
Neuroscientists and clinicians interested in computational methods for fetal MRI/MEG and infant MRI and acquisition of such images. Computer scientists working on methods for analyzing neuroimaging data.
An overview of the Developing Human Connectome Project
Daniel Rückert, Department of Computing, Imperial College London, United Kingdom
Image processing tools for infant brain MRI
Lilla Zöllei, Martinos Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States
Perturbations as a tool to investigate the fetal brain
Hubert Preissl, MEG Center, Tuebingen, Germany
Linking the development of fetal brain morphology and function
Georg Langs, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Visit the OHBM 2015 website.