Annika Linke


I investigate how the brain encodes auditory information in healthy adults (see here) and as a way to assess brain function in neonates and infants during healthy development and as a predictor of outcome after perinatal brain injury. There are unique challenges associated with using fMRI in young infants and children. I therefore have a great interest in implementing and evaluating fMRI sequences that reduce scanner noise and improve signal strength in the presence of motion, in using high-resolution fMRI, and in multivariate analysis methods such as MVPA.

See my personal homepage for more detail.


I studied Cognitive Psychology at Jacobs University Bremen (Germany, B.A. 2008) and completed my PhD in Cognitive Neuroscience at the MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, University of Cambridge in 2011.

I have been a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Brain and Mind Institute, Western University, since August 2011.


alinke2 [at]
annikalinke [at]

Key Publications

Linke, A. C., & Cusack, R. (in press).  Flexible information coding in human auditory cortex during perception, imagery, and short-term memory of complex sounds. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 

Cusack, R., & Linke, A.C. (in press). Neuroimaging of the mind’s ear using representational similarity analysis. Attention & Performance.

Cusack, R., Vicente-Grabovetsky, A., Mitchell, D.J., Wild, C.J., Auer, T., Linke, A.C. Peelle, J.E. (in press) Automatic analysis: efficient neuroimaging workflows and parallel processing using Matlab and XML, Frontiers in Neuroinformatics.

Cusack, R., Wild, C., Linke, A.C., Arichi, T., Lee, D.S.C., Han, V.K. (in press). Optimizing stimulation and analysis protocols for neonatal fMRI. Plos ONE.

Linke, A. C. , Vicente-Grabovetsky, A. , Cusack, R. (2011). Stimulus-specific suppression preserves information in auditory short-term memory. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108(31). pubmed

Linke, A. C. , Vicente-Grabovetsky, A. , Mitchell, D. J. , Cusack, R. (2011). Encoding strategy accounts for individual differences in change detection measures of VSTM. Neuropsychologia. pubmedpdf

Recent Conference Abstracts

Linke, A.C., Wild, C., Zubiaurre-Elorza, L., Herzmann, C., Duffy, H., Lee, D., Han, V., & Cusack, R. “Optimizing fMRI for assessing auditory brain function in neonates”. Invited Talk. Pediatric Research Day, London, Canada, 2014. 

Linke, A.C., Wild., C., Zubiaurre-Elorza, L., Lee, D., Han.V., & Cusack, R. “Assessing perinatal brain injury using functional MRI”. Canadian National Perinatal Research Meeting, Banff, Canada, 2014.

Linke, A.C., Matthews, J., Gati, J., & Cusack, R. “Using high-field fMRI and multivariate methods to study neural representations of complex sounds in human auditory cortex.” Invited Talk. Association for Research in Otolaryngology MidWinter Meeting, Young Investigator Symposium, Baltimore, 2013.

Linke, A.C., & Cusack, R. “Decoding feature information in human auditory cortex – a comparison of auditory perception, short-term memory and imagery”. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 131, 3386. Invited Talk, Acoustics, Hong Kong, China, 2012.

Linke, A.C., & Cusack, R. “Task-dependent feature representations of complex sounds in human auditory cortex.” Computational and Systems Neuroscience (Cosyne), Salt Lake City, 2012. 

Linke, A.C, & Cusack, R. “Remembering by imagining? Auditory short-term memory and imagery do not share the same neural mechanisms.” Human Brain Mapping, Quebec City, 2011.

Linke, A.C., Vicente-Grabovetsky, A., Mitchell, D.J., & Cusack, R. “Individual Differences in Change Detection Measures of Short-Term Memory Capacity can be explained by Encoding Strategy.” Cognitive Neuroscience Society Annual Meeting, San Francisco, 2011.

Linke, A., & Cusack, R. “Complex sounds decoded – processing semantic and perceptual features in the auditory system.” Human Brain Mapping, Barcelona, 2010.

Cusack, R., Veldsman, M., Naci, L., Mitchell, D.J., & Linke, A. “Ventral visual tuning to sensory and semantic features differs by object.” Experimental Pyschology Society, Manchester, 2010.

Cusack, R., Veldsman, M., Naci, L., Mitchell, D.J., & Linke, A. “Rapidly characterising multidimensional neural tuning to sensory and semantic features of real-world objects using Dynamically Adaptive Imaging.” Cognitive Neuroscience Society, Montreal, 2010

Linke, A., & Cusack, R. “Assessing Tonotopy in Human Audition during a Change Detection Task – A Multi-Voxel Pattern Analysis Approach.” Association for Research in Otolaryngology MidWinter Meeting, Los Angeles, 2010.